You don’t always have to feel the burn.
The holidays are all about indulgence, and why not? The festive drinks and rich foods, from pot roasts to pumpkin pie, are a worthy reward at the end of a long year.
But there’s a downside to hearty holiday meals, particularly if you suffer from acid reflux. Large meals can exacerbate acid reflux symptoms — and quickly put a damper on holiday celebrations.
Acid reflux usually is identified as a burning pain in the chest. Other symptoms include belching, hoarseness, a sore throat and difficulty swallowing —all of which typically worsen when you’re reclining or lying down.
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“Patients who have severe symptoms can even have acid reflux go up to the pharynx and larynx, causing choking, aspiration or pneumonia,” said Adrian B. Dobrowolsky, MD, a general surgeon who specializes in gastrointestinal and bariatric surgery at USC Surgery at Keck Medicine of USC.
Not only does acid reflux cause immediate discomfort, but it can also have lasting consequences if it goes untreated.
Long-term reflux can cause laryngeal ulcers or granulomas, vocal fold scarring, pneumonia, Barrett’s esophagus and, in some cases, esophageal or throat cancer. These tips ensure that your acid reflux won’t hurt your holiday spirit.
Pace your meals
Instead of eating two to three large meals, eat three to four smaller ones. Some big, family meals are unavoidable — especially around the holidays — so plan ahead, so that you don’t arrive starving and may, therefore, eat less.
Being overweight can increase your risk of acid reflux, so dropping a few pounds (though it seems impossible around this time of year) may help.
Among its other many drawbacks, tobacco can cause acid reflux, so cut back on smoking or stop altogether.
Stay away from certain foods
Certain foods, such as spicy or fatty foods, citrus, alcohol, onions, chocolate and caffeine, can trigger acid reflux. But trigger foods vary among individuals, so keep track of your meals to learn which yours may be.
If you just can’t say no to a slice of chocolate cake even though you know it’s a trigger food, at least give your body time to digest it by eating less and not lying down for three hours after enjoying it.
Lying down, moving vigorously or even wearing tight clothing can send stomach acid into your esophagus. After a big dinner, avoid going straight to bed or exercising. Wait two to three hours before going to sleep.
Prep before bed
If you’re exhausted after a rich dinner, there’s a good chance you’ll call it a night soon afterwards. If so, set yourself up for comfort before you turn in.
“Elevate the head of your bed 4 to 6 inches by putting phone books under the legs of your bed or buying a wedge pillow,” Dr. Dobrowolsky said. “Using two or more regular pillows can make reflux worse, as it causes the body to curl.”
by Deanna Pai
To schedule an appointment with the USC Voice Center at Keck Medicine of USC, call (800)USC-CARE (800-872-2273) or visit ent.keckmedicine.org/patient-information/request-an-appointment/.