Do you know if you’re at risk of developing prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer affects one in seven men, but early diagnosis can dramatically increase odds of survival. In fact, early-stage prostate cancer has a five-year survival rate of 99 percent.
Learn your risk factors
Your personal risk factors are unique to you and your medical history. During your annual physical, discuss how these factors may impact your risk. If your risk is higher than average, your doctor may recommend earlier or more frequent screenings. Common risk factors include:
- Age – By age 60, one in 14 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. Start discussing screening with your doctor when you turn 40, when risk begins increasing.
- Family history – If you have a father, brother or son with prostate cancer, you are 2-3 times more likely to develop it yourself.
- Race– African-American men have the highest risk of prostate cancer and are 2.5 times more likely to die from it than Caucasian men. Asian-American and Hispanic/Latino men tend to be lower risk.
- Lifestyle factors – New research indicates that the most aggressive forms of prostate cancer are more likely in men who smoke or do not eat vegetables. Men who are obese are also more likely to get the aggressive form of prostate cancer.
Know the signs
Early prostate cancer often has no symptoms, but pay attention for these potential warning signs:
- A more frequent need to urinate, especially overnight
- Trouble urinating: a slow or weak stream, pain or burning
- Pain or stiffness in the hips, lower back, upper thighs or chest
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Erectile dysfunction
- Numb or weak feet or legs
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
Many of these symptoms may indicate other conditions, but it’s smart to visit your doctor to avoid potentially overlooking early-stage, treatable prostate cancer.
Early detection is your best defense against prostate cancer. Request an appointment to discuss your risk factors with a Keck Medicine of USC physician today.
The experts at the USC Institute of Urology at Keck Medicine of USC are at the forefront of prostate cancer treatment – using groundbreaking, outpatient treatments like high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to precisely target and destroy cancer.
Call (800) USC-CARE today.